Top-Up Listening features English as it is actually spoken—giving students practice in drawing meaning from naturally spoken English in two ways:
– by explicitly developing student knowledge of English conversation patterns or script—helping students with their top-down predictive skills.
-by explicitly developing student knowledge of how English sounds change when spoken in sentences. Helping students understand English as it is actually spoken and helping students recognize language in “chunks.” Whadaweemean? – how words run together, how sounds are lost, how vowels naturally weaken and entire words are dropped. Without knowledge of such patterns, listening is impossible.
Published by ABAX
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